Mnemonist

LRU Cache


The LRUCache, LRU standing for least recently used, can be seen as a a fixed-capacity key-value store that will evict infrequent items when full and setting new keys.

For instance, if one creates a LRUCache with a capacity of 1000 and one inserts a thousand-and-first key, the cache will forget its least recently used key-value pair in order not to overflow the allocated memory.

This structure is very useful to cache the result of costly operations when one cannot afford to keep every result in memory and only want to keep the most frequent ones.

For more information, you can check this Wikipedia page.

This implementation has been designed to work with a javascript raw object. You can alternatively find an implementation relying on ES6’s Map object here. Depending on the precise use case (string keys, integer keys etc.), one or the other might be faster depending on js engine magic.

var LRUCache = require('mnemonist/lru-cache');
// If you need deletions
var LRUCacheWithDelete = require('mnemonist/lru-cache-with-delete');

Constructor

The LRUCache takes a single argument: the desired capacity.

var cache = new LRUCache(1000);

Optionally, you can type the used keys & values in order to be more memory-efficient:

// First argument will be instantiated for keys, second one for values
var cache = new LRUCache(Uint32Array, Float32Array, 1000);

Static #.from

Alternatively, one can build a LRUCache from an arbitrary JavaScript iterable likewise:

// Attempting the guess the given iterable's length/size
var cache = LRUCache.from({one: 1, two: 2});

// Providing the desired capacity
var cache = LRUCache.from({one: 1, two: 2}, 10);

// Typing the cache
var cache = LRUCache.from({one: 1, two: 2}, Array, Uint8Array, 10);

Members

Methods

Mutation

Read

Iteration

#.capacity

Maximum number of items the cache is able to store.

var cache = new LRUCache(10);
cache.capacity
>>> 10

#.size

Number of items actually in the cache.

var cache = new LRUCache(10);
cache.size
>>> 0
cache.set('one', 1);
cache.size
>>> 1

#.set

Sets a value for the given key in the cache. If the cache is already full, the least recently used key will be dropped from the cache.

O(1)

var cache = new LRUCache(10);
cache.set('one', 1);
cache.has('one');
>>> true

#.setpop

Sets a value for the given key in the cache. If the cache is already full, the least recently used key will be dropped from the cache, and an object containing the dropped key, dropped value and evicted = true will be returned. If the key already exists, an object containing the key, previous value and evicted = false will be returned. If no eviction or overwrite occurs, null is returned.

O(1)

var cache = new LRUCache(1);
cache.setpop('one', 1);
>>> null
cache.setpop('one', 10);
>>> {key: 'one', value: 1, evicted: false}
cache.setpop('two', 2);
>>> {key: 'one', value: 10, evicted: true}

#.delete

Deletes the given key and returns whether its was actually in the cache before deletion.

Beware, for performance reasons this method is only available on LRUCacheWithDelete.

O(1)

var cache = new LRUCacheWithDelete(1);
cache.set('one', 1)

cache.delete('one');
>>> true

cache.delete('one');
>>> false

#.remove

Deletes the given key and returns the associated value if the key was actually in the cache or a default value if it was not.

Beware, for performance reasons this method is only available on LRUCacheWithDelete.

O(1)

var cache = new LRUCacheWithDelete(1);
cache.set('one', 1)

cache.remove('one');
>>> 1

cache.remove('one');
>>> undefined

cache.remove('one', 'not-found');
>>> 'not-found'

#.clear

Completely clears the cache.

O(1)

var cache = new LRUCache(10);
cache.set('one', 1);
cache.clear();

cache.has('one');
>>> false
cache.size
>>> 0

#.get

Retrieves the value associated to the given key in the cache or undefined if the key is not found.

If the key is found, the key is moved to the front of the underlying list to be the most recently used item.

O(1)

var cache = new LRUCache(10);
cache.set('one', 1);
cache.get('one');
>>> 1

#.peek

Retrieves the value associated to the given key in the cache or undefined if the key is not found.

Unlike #.get, it does not modify the underlying list.

O(1)

var cache = new LRUCache(10);
cache.set('one', 1);
cache.peek('one');
>>> 1

#.has

Retrieves whether the given key exists in the cache.

O(1)

var cache = new LRUCache(10);
cache.set('one', 1);
cache.has('one');
>>> true

cache.has('two');
>>> false

#.forEach

Iterates over the cache from the most to the least recently used key-value pair.

var cache = new LRUCache(10);

cache.set('one', 1);
cache.set('two', 2);

cache.forEach(function(value, key, cache) {
  console.log(key, value);
});

#.keys

Returns an iterator over the cache’s keys from the most to the least recently used key.

var cache = new LRUCache(10);

cache.set('one', 1);
cache.set('two', 2);

var iterator = cache.keys();

iterator.next().value
>>> 'two'

#.values

Returns an iterator over the cache’s values from the most to the least recently used value.

var cache = new LRUCache(10);

cache.set('one', 1);
cache.set('two', 2);

var iterator = cache.values();

iterator.next().value
>>> 2

#.entries

Returns an iterator over the cache’s entries from the most to the least recently used entry.

var cache = new LRUCache(10);

cache.set('one', 1);
cache.set('two', 2);

var iterator = cache.entries();

iterator.next().value
>>> ['two', 2]

Iterable

Alternatively, you can iterate over a cache’s entries using ES2015 for...of protocol:

var cache = new LRUCache(10);

cache.set('one', 1);
cache.set('two', 2);

for (var [key, value] of cache) {
  console.log(key, value);
}